Spinal cord injury often causes loss of strength, sensation and affects the functionality of the organ. It interrupts the ability of the person to continue with his daily routine activities and affects his social, emotional, and physical aspects of life. Surgical treatment and rehabilitation processes allow many people with spinal cord injuries to lead productive, independent lives. However, advances in research studies aim to contribute more to the field. They are exploring more effective ways of repair of spinal cord injuries.
What can you experience if something is wrong with your spinal cord?
A person can experience less control on limbs. It restricts the ability to move, reduces the sensation of heat, cold, and touch. A person may experience continuous pain or stinging sensation due to the damage to the nerve fibres in the spinal cord. Severe damage can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, or clearing secretions from the lungs and affect sexual sensitivity and fertility. Determining the level of neurological injury needs the health care team to perform a series of tests.
When to pay a visit to a doctor?
The level of neurological damage becomes evident after visiting experts and undergoing diagnostic tests. Therefore anyone who experiences minor or severe symptoms should visit an expert. Any injury from the head, neck, to lower abdomen, needs immediate medical evaluation for a spinal injury. It is not always that spinal injury will be severe. But delaying medical attention can make it critical. The time-lapse between the injury and treatment plays a vital role in determining the extent and severity of complications.
What causes spinal injuries?
The main cause for spinal injuries remains to be fatal accidents and falls. Violent acts like gunshots, knife wounds also remain to be one of the reasons for spinal injuries. Athletic activities such as impact sports and diving in shallow water are other reasons that can damage the spine. Sometimes it is a disease like cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis that weakens the spine and causes damage to it.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis of spinal injury involves the use of all kinds of imaging tests and physical examinations. X-ray, CT scan, and MRI produce images that facilitate experts to have better insight into the intensity and level of damage to the intestine.
Treatments available for spinal injury till now are not able to reverse damage to the spinal cord. However, presently available treatment processes focus on preventing further injury and degradation of the spinal cord. It helps people to return to an active and productive life. The treatment process varies depending on the nature, intensity, and other biological factors that make each patient different. Medications, Immobilization help people treat acute spinal cord injury. Surgery helps remove fragments of bones, foreign objects, herniated disks, or fractured vertebrae that compress the spine. Experts are looking forward to controlling inflammation and promoting nerve regeneration.